Selangan Batu, Yellow Balau, Balau, Bangkirai
Shorea spp. (heavy hardwoods)
There are many different subspecies of Shorea grouped here, the most common being: albida, glauca, laevifolia and laevis. These
species are very common throughout
The timber is dense but contains little silica and is therefore relatively easy to work although some adjustment to saws and machine knives may be required on long runs if a good surface finish is required. The timber of all species are very similar with the heartwood yellow brown, reddish brown and sometimes purplish brown and will darken with age.
The sapwood is usually very distinct being much lighter usually pale yellow.
The texture is fine to medium and even with the grain wavy and interlocked. Shrinkage rates are medium to low and all species are considered to be lyctid borer susceptible.
Balau has been widely used
Note: Another group of Shorea spp. called Red Balau are sometimes offered as an alternative, these timber are slightly lighter in Density and of lower durability and should therefore be avoided for exposed external applications. Heartwood is usually a deep red-brown with the sapwood much lighter and easy to distinguish.
A superb decking material
Timber Properties Density (average)
1000 kg m3 green
900 kg m3 dry
Durability: Class 2
Hardness rating (average)
8.0 kN green
9.0 kN dry